Leverage your Load Testing using JMeter and Selenium WebDriver

on 12 novembre 2015 AWS, DEVOPS, JMETER, JMETER-PLUGINS, LOAD_TESTING, PERFORMANCE, REDLINE13, SELENIUM with 1 comment

Context:

You want to load test your application and get user response times including page rendering.
You usually use JMeter for load testing but the issue is that JMeter is not a real browser, so the reported response times do not include page rendering.
Hopefully, JMeter eco-system is very rich, so there is a solution for this, we will use:

Setting Up JMeter and Selenium WebDriver:

Setting up is very easy:

Download required libraries:

Setup the bundle:

  • Unzip jmeter bundle
  • Unzip jmeter-plugins bundles
  • Copy JMeterPlugins-WebDriver-1.3.1/lib/ext/JMeterPlugins-WebDriver.jar into jmeter/lib/ext
  • Copy JMeterPlugins-Standard-1.3.1/lib/ext/JMeterPlugins-Standard.jar into jmeter/lib/ext
  • Copy JMeterPlugins-WebDriver-1.3.1/lib/*.jar into jmeter/lib/
  • As Webdriver dependencies conflict with 3 JMeter dependencies, see this Dev Mailing list thread, we need to remove the JMeter versions that are older, so remove:
    • httpclient-4.2.6.jar
    • httpcore-4.2.5.jar
    • httpmime-4.2.6.jar

Use the correct Java version:

You need to run JMeter using Java 7 or 8 as JMeter Plugins requires it. As a side note, starting from next version of JMeter 2.14, Java 7 will be required.

Coding the scenario:

Our scenario will be composed of 3 steps:

  • Visit Home Page of this blog
  • Repeat 5 times:
    • Search for a word
    • Click on a link

Configure the Selenium Firefox Web Driver

We add « Firefox Driver Config » as a child of our new plan.

Firefox Driver Config

We only change one default, in Experimental tab we check « Development Mode » so that the Firefox instance does not quit at end of test so that we’re able to debug any issue.

WD_DevMode

Scenario overview

In our scenario, we use the following components:

  • CSV DataSet to load variables containing the words to search from a CSV file. Variable will be named « searchWord »
  • Loop Controller to iterate 5 times
  • A Response Assertion to always test the presence of a text for each page
  • Test Action with Duration set to 0 and a child containing a Gaussian Random Timer so that we can apply a think time exactly where we put the Test Action. Remember that Timers are scoped and are run before the Sample they are scoped within.
  • View Results Tree only during scripting to debug the scrip
  • View Results in Table to debug our Think Times

We end up with this:

JMeter Test Plan

Code « Home Page » Step

WebDriver Sampler for Home Page


// We import java packages in Javascript
var pkg = JavaImporter(org.openqa.selenium)
var support_ui = JavaImporter(org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.WebDriverWait)
// We will timeout waits after 5 seconds
var wait = new support_ui.WebDriverWait(WDS.browser, 5000)
var conditions = org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.ExpectedConditions
// we start the timing
WDS.sampleResult.sampleStart()
try {
WDS.browser.get('http://www.ubik-ingenierie.com')
// we check that the element which id is headersearchform is loaded
wait.until(conditions.presenceOfElementLocated(pkg.By.id('headersearchform')))
// we end the timing
WDS.sampleResult.sampleEnd()
} catch(ex) {
WDS.sampleResult.sampleEnd()
WDS.sampleResult.setSuccessful(false);
WDS.sampleResult.setResponseMessage("Failed to load page, timeout occured");
}

Code « Search a Word » Step

WebDriver Sampler for Search A Word

var pkg = JavaImporter(org.openqa.selenium)
var support_ui = JavaImporter(org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.WebDriverWait)
var wait = new support_ui.WebDriverWait(WDS.browser, 5000)
var conditions = org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.ExpectedConditions
// We find the search icon by its class name "icon-search-1"
var searchIcon = WDS.browser.findElement(pkg.By.className('icon-search-1'))
// We click it
searchIcon.click()
// We ensure headersearchform element is clickable
wait.until(conditions.elementToBeClickable(pkg.By.id('headersearchform')))
// We find the search field by its id "s"
var searchField = WDS.browser.findElement(pkg.By.id('s'))
// We enter the parameter in WebDriver Sampler ${searchWord}
searchField.sendKeys([WDS.parameters])
// We find the headersearchsubmit button
var button = WDS.browser.findElement(pkg.By.id('headersearchsubmit'))
// We only start sampling here
WDS.sampleResult.sampleStart()
// We click on search
button.click()
WDS.sampleResult.sampleEnd()

    Code « ClickOnBlog » Step


    var pkg = JavaImporter(org.openqa.selenium);
    var support_ui = JavaImporter(org.openqa.selenium.support.ui.WebDriverWait);
    var wait = new support_ui.WebDriverWait(WDS.browser, 5000);
    // We randomize a number lower than the number of links
    var elements = WDS.browser.findElements(pkg.By.cssSelector("div.search-details > h5 > a"));
    //var linkNumber = Math.floor((Math.random() * parseInt(WDS.parameters)));
    WDS.log.info("link number="+elements.size());
    var linkNumber = Math.floor(Math.random() * elements.size());
    // As you can see on page,
    if(linkNumber%2==0) {
    linkNumber++;
    }
    WDS.log.info("linkNumber="+linkNumber);
    // We find a random link to click
    var link = WDS.browser.findElement(pkg.By.cssSelector(
    'div.search-result:nth-child('+linkNumber+') > div:nth-child(2) > h5:nth-child(1) > a:nth-child(1)'))
    WDS.sampleResult.sampleStart()
    // We click on the link
    link.click()
    WDS.sampleResult.sampleEnd()

    ND;LR:

    As you can see in this blog, using Selenium tests in JMeter is rather easy and allows you to reuse your Selenium Functional Testing for Load Testing.
    We are now ready to run this test on our infrastructure.

    Using Webdriver limits your capacity to scale due to its high usage of CPU as you nearly use 1 CPU core per every virtual user.

    So the plan is to mix it with a regular JMeter load Test. This way, the regular JMeter Load Test will put enough load on your system while the JMeter WebDriver plan will allow you to get the user experienced response times including page rendering.

    We will see in next blog how to scale WebDriver using the AWS Cloud very easily using Redline13 SAAS which comes at a very reasonable price and removes the burden of having to manage our load servers.
    We will see all benefits we can get in terms of User Experience analysis.
    Note that before running it on the cloud, we must uncheck in Experimental tab we check « Development Mode ».

    About author:

    Philippe Mouawad works as an Architect and technical expert for Ubik-Ingenierie where he leads among other things the development of UbikLoadPack a set of Commercial Plugins for Apache JMeter allowing to load test different protocols like HLS, GWT, Flex.
    Philippe is a committer on the Apache JMeter project and member of the PMC since October 2011.
    Finally he is a co-author of a french book on JMeter called Maîriser JMeter: Du test de charge à Devops.

    About us:

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